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There is nothing more disappointing to learn that the acne does not necessarily end when your teenage years do. It is even possible to get acne for the first time as an adult. Some adults continue to get acne well into their 30s, 40s, and even 50s.

What causes acne? Acne develops when dead skin cells and natural oils (sebum) block up tiny hair follicles in the skin. Bacteria work their way into the plugged-up follicles and start multiplying. When the body’s immune cells move in to attack the bacteria, the results of the battle are the classic symptoms of acne – swelling, redness and spots.

If you’re getting acne as an adult, it is likely due to one or more of the following reasons:
a. Fluctuating hormone level can lead to breakouts. Women often experience acne breakouts around periods, pregnancy, perimenopause and menopause.

b. Wrong products: If you have oily or combination skin and are prone to breakouts, you should be using skincare products labeled, “Non-comedogenic” , “Non-acnegenic” or “Oil-free”. You might want to make sure your moisturizer, cleanser, sunscreen, and all other products contain one of these terms.

c. Stress: Our bodies produce more androgens (a type of hormone) during stress. These hormones stimulate the oil glands and hair follicles in the skin, which can lead to acne.

d. Family history: People who have a close blood relative, such as parents, brother, or sister who have acne seem to be more likely to get adult acne.

e. Medication side effect: Acne can be a side effect of some medicines. If you suspect that a medicine is triggering your acne or making it worse, continue taking the medicine but talk with the doctor who prescribed it.

f. Undiagnosed medical condition: Acne can be a sign of underlying medical condition such as PCOS. Once the medical condition is diagnosed and treated, the acne often clears.

g. Specific foods may or may not have an effect: Sugar is a potential skin saboteur because it raises insulin level. Some evidence shows that insulin may trigger male hormone that lead to acne. However, there are large statistically significant studies noticed that food have not been proven to cause acne, but there are always exceptions. Our recommendation, ”If your break out associated with eating chocolate , don’t eat chocolate.” These same goes to dairy product, nuts, seafood etc.

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